Broken Hill, Zambia – A Robust Giant’s Tibia
A large Pleistocene individual.
E691 tibia / Hoedjiespunt Tibia
In 1921, one of the most complete pre-Late Pleistocene human tibiae was discovered at Broken Hill, Kabwe, Zambia, apparently directly associated with the Broken Hill 1 cranium. Currently dated to the middle or earlier Middle Pleistocene, the Broken Hill E691 tibia derives from a large Pleistocene individual. Its robusticity, both diaphyseal and with respect to knee biomechanics, falls within Pleistocene human ranges of variation, its more precise position depending upon which model of body shape is employed to estimate its original body mass. At the same time, its relative proximal diaphyseal breadth and planoconvex subperiosteal diaphyseal contours align it principally with other Pleistocene archaic Homo tibiae. It therefore joins the other, less clearly associated, Broken Hill postcranial remains in helping to fill out the appendicular functional morphology of Middle Pleistocene humans.
Academia doesn’t have to search newspaper articles, County Histories, or SmithsonIan Annuals, or Dead President speeches to find evidence for giants, it can be found in well known academic examples.