Open Heart Surgery.
The Soviet Academy of Sciences announced in 1969 that a number of ancient skeletons, found in central Asia showed signs of surgery having been performed in the area of the heart. Every feature corresponded to what today is called a ‘Cardiac Window’, enabling surgeons to perform open heart surgery. The ribs had been expertly cut, and there were also evidence that once an opening had been made, the uncut ribs were further spread apart by retraction. Every feature corresponded to what today is called a ‘cardiac window,’ which enables surgeons to perform open heart surgery. The periosteum, or bony deposits on the uncut ribs, indicated that the patients survived up to five years following this extremely delicate operation. The success of this heart surgery testifies to scientific developments, and presupposes an intimate knowledge of anatomy, especially understanding blood flow and its control, as well as advanced notion of hygeine and anesthesia. These points are vital because without them even the most elementary operation is impossible.
Rene Noorbergen. Secrets of the Lost Races. 1977. New English Library.